Outlines | KU Writing Center


what is a working outline

Mar 12,  · Creating a working outline helps you organize information you plan to include in an essay or research paper. It provides a framework so that information is presented to the reader in a logical and orderly manner. It is called a working outline for two reasons; first, it is a "sketch" or initial plan for your paper and it is flexible and can. "The working outline (or scratch outline or informal outline) is a private affair — fluid, subject to constant revision, made without attention to form, and destined for the wastebasket. But enough working outlines have been retrieved from wastebaskets that something can be said about them A working outline usually begins with a few phrases. Creating a Working Outline An outline is a systematic way of organizing your ideas for your paper. Any list can be an informal outline and may work for your purposes. Sometimes you may want to use a formal outline to manage your information as your research expands. This can help you organize and manage your information as you draft your paper.

How to Write an Outline (with Free Sample Outlines) - wikiHow

For details on it including licensingclick here. This book is licensed under a Creative Commons by-nc-sa 3. See the license for more details, but that basically means you can what is a working outline this book as long as you credit the author but see belowdon't make money from it, and do make it available to everyone else under the same terms.

This content was accessible as of December 29,and it was downloaded then by Andy Schmitz in an effort to preserve the availability of this book. Normally, the author and publisher would be credited here.

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You can browse or download additional books there. To download a. When we discuss outlining, we are actually focusing on a series of outlines instead of a single one. Outlines are designed to evolve throughout your speech preparation process, so what is a working outline section will discuss how you progress from a working outline to a full-sentence outline and, finally, a speaking outline.

We will also discuss how using notecards for your speaking outline can be helpful to you as a speaker. A working outline is an outline you use for developing your speech.

It undergoes many changes on its way to completion. This is the outline where you lay out the basic structure of your speech. You must have a general and specific purpose; an introduction, including a grabber; and a concrete, specific thesis statement and preview. You also need three main points, a conclusion, and a list of references. One strategy for beginning your working outline is to begin by typing in your labels for each of the elements.

Later you can fill in the content. When you look ahead to the full-sentence outline, you will notice that each of the three main points moves from the general to the particular. Specifically, each main point is a claim, followed by particular information that supports that claim so that the audience will perceive its validity.

For example, for a speech about coal mining safety, your first main point might focus on the idea that coal mining is a hazardous occupation. A working outline allows you to work out the kinks in your message. Now you must reexamine that main point to assess its validity. You might have to change that main point in order to be able to support it. If you do so, however, you must make sure the new main point is a logical part of the thesis statement—three main points—conclusion sequence.

It will take time to develop. Here is an example of a working outline:. Name : Anomaly May McGillicuddy. General Purpose : To inform. Specific Purpose : To inform a group of science students about the potential of smart dust, what is a working outline. Introduction : Grabber fill in later.

Thesis Statement Thus far, researchers hypothesize that smart dust could be used for everything from tracking patients in hospitals to early warnings of natural disasters and defending against bioterrorism. To help us understand the small of it all, we will first examine what smart dust is and how it works, what is a working outline.

We will then examine some military applications of smart dust. And we will end by discussing some what is a working outline applications of smart dust. Transition fill in later, what is a working outline. Main Point I : Dr. Main Point III : According to the smart dust project website, smart dust could quickly become a common part of our daily lives. This stage of preparation turns out to be a good place to go back and examine whether all the main points are directly related to the thesis statement and to each other.

If so, your message has a strong potential for unity of focus. But if the relationship of one of the main points is weak, this is the time to strengthen it. It will be more difficult later for two reasons: first, the sheer amount of text on your pages will make the visual task more difficult, and second, it becomes increasingly difficult to change things in which you have a large investment in time and thought.

You can see that this working outline can lay a strong foundation for the rest of your message. Its organization is what is a working outline apparent. Once you are confident in the internal unity of your basic message, you can begin filling in the supporting points in descending detail—that is, what is a working outline, from the general main points to the particular supporting points and then to greater detail.

The outline makes it visually apparent where information fits. We often omit them when we have informal conversations. Our conversation partners understand what is a working outline we mean because of our gestures and vocal strategies. However, others might not understand what what is a working outline mean, but think they do, and so we might never know whether they understood us. In a speech, however, we need to use effective transitions as a gateway from one main point to the next.

The listener needs to know when a speaker is moving from one main point to the next. In the next type of outline, the full-sentence outline, take a look at the transitions and see how they make the listener aware of the shifting focus to the next main point. Your what is a working outline outline should contain full sentences only. There are several reasons why this kind of outline is important.

First, you have a full plan of everything you intend to say to your audience, so that you will not have to struggle with wordings or examples. Second, what is a working outline, you have a clear idea of how much time it will take to present your speech.

Third, it contributes a fundamental what is a working outline of good preparation, part of your ethical responsibility to your audience. This is how a full-sentence outline looks:. Name: Anomaly May McGillicuddy. Introduction : Grabber Infamed science fiction writer, Michael Crichton, released his book Preywhich was about a swarm of nanomachines that were feeding off living tissue.

The nanomachines were solar powered, what is a working outline, self-sufficient, and intelligent. Most disturbingly, the nanomachines could work together as a swarm as it took over and killed its prey in its need for new resources.

The technology for this level of sophistication in nanotechnology is surprisingly more science fact than science fiction. Inthree professors of electrical engineering and computer Science at the University of California at Berkeley, Kahn, Katz, and Pister, hypothesized in the Journal of Communications and Networks that wireless networks of tiny microelectromechanical sensors, or MEMS; robots; or devices could detect phenomena including light, temperature, or vibration.

Thesis Statement Thus far researchers hypothesized that smart dust could be used for everything from tracking patients in hospitals to early warnings of natural disasters and as a defense against bioterrorism. Transition To help us understand what is a working outline dust, we will begin by first examining what smart dust is.

Bauer College of Business at the University of Houston, noted that a single grain of rice has a volume of five cubic millimeters. Probably the number one benefit of smart dust in the military environment is its surveillance abilities. Everything from pasting smart dust particles to our finger tips to create a virtual computer keyboard to inventory control to product quality control have been discussed as possible applications for smart dust. Medically, according to the smart dust website, smart dust could help disabled individuals interface with computers, what is a working outline.

Conclusion : While smart dust is quickly transferring from science fiction to science fact, experts agree that the full potential of smart dust will probably not occur until However, as with any technological advance, there are definite ethical considerations and worries related to smart dust.

Even Dr. As it turns out, I think that the potential benefits of this technology far outweigh the risks to personal privacy.

Crichton, M. Dickson, S. Griggs, J. Smart dust to provide solar early warning defense. New Scientist, what is a working outline, Kahn, J. Lohr, S. Smart dust? New York Times. Pister, K. Smart dust: Autonomous sensing and communication at the cubic millimeter. Steel, D. Vogelstein, F. Fortune, 474— Warneke, B. Smart dust: Communicating with a cubic millimeter computer. Computer, 3144— After that, you only need to do a detailed check for completeness, accuracy, relevance, balance, omitted words, and consistency.

You will notice that the various parts of your speech, for instance, the transition and main points, are labeled. There are compelling reasons for these labels. First, as you develop your message, you will sometimes find it necessary to go back and look at your wording in another part of the outline. Your labels help you find particular passages easily.


What is a working outline? How do I create one? - Answers


what is a working outline


Creating a Working Outline An outline is a systematic way of organizing your ideas for your paper. Any list can be an informal outline and may work for your purposes. Sometimes you may want to use a formal outline to manage your information as your research expands. This can help you organize and manage your information as you draft your paper. Working Outlines During pre-writing, you can make a working outline—an outline that guides you in your drafting. It helps you answer the question: How am I going to present my information given my thesis, my assignment and my audience? The student who wrote the tentative outline above also wrote the one below before beginning her essay. She. Jul 07,  · How to Write an Outline. An outline is a great way to organize ideas and information for a speech, an essay, a novel, or a study guide based on your class notes. At first, writing an outline might seem complicated, but learning how to do 79%(51).